Brown Adipocytes are a special type of fat cell found in brown fat. It helps our body stay warm by burning energy and producing heat.
White Adipocytes are a type of fat cell found in white fat. It stores energy as a single large fat droplet and provides insulation to our body.
Fat tissue is a type of body fat that stores energy and insulates our body. It is made up of white adipocytes and is commonly found around our organs and under our skin.
Newborn infants have less muscle mass, so depend more on brown adipose tissue to stay warm. This limits their ability to regulate their body temperature, and thus are more prone to develop hypothermia.
Metabolic Syndrome is a group of health problems that happen together and increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. These problems can include high blood pressure, high blood sugar, extra fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol levels.
Obesity is a condition where a person has too much body fat, which can cause health problems. It is usually measured by the body mass index (BMI) and can increase the risk of diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers.
Infant hypothermia -> brown adipocyte
Infant Hypothermia is treated with warm clothes because they help trap the baby's body heat, keeping them warm and raising their body temperature. Warm clothes provide insulation, preventing further heat loss and helping the baby recover from hypothermia.
metabolic syndrome -> white adipocyte
Metformin is used to treat Metabolic Syndrome because this medicine helps lower blood sugar levels. Metformin works by improving insulin sensitivity by activating the protein AMPK.
obesity -> fat
Obesity is sometimes treated with bupropion, a medication that can help with weight loss. Bupropion is an NDRI (Norepinephrine/Dopamine Reuptake Inhibitor) and works by affecting these chemicals in the brain that influence appetite and mood, which can help people feel less hungry and more motivated to adopt healthier habits like eating better and exercising.