Healthy Helper T
Helper T-Follicular Cells are a type of white blood cell that helps B-Cells produce antibodies. They play a critical role in our immune system by helping B-cells mature and promote class switching from IgM antibodies to the production of IgG/IgE antibodies
Helper T2 Cells are a type of white blood cell that help our body fight off infections from parasites and are involved in allergic reactions. They promote the production of specific antibodies and help activate other immune cells, such as Eosinophils.
Helper T1 Cells are a type of white blood cell that play a crucial role in our immune system. They help our body fight off infections, especially from viruses and bacteria, by activating other immune cells and producing chemicals that stimulate our immune response.
Diseased Helper T
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the joints, causing inflammation, pain, and stiffness. Over time, this can lead to joint damage and loss of function.
Food Allergy occurs when our immune system mistakenly identifies a harmless food protein as a threat. Helper T-2 Cells are involved in this response, leading to the release of chemicals that cause allergic symptoms like itching, swelling, and difficulty breathing.
HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically targeting Helper T-Cells. Over time, the loss of these cells weakens the immune system, leading to AIDS, a condition where the body can't fight off infections and certain cancers.
Helper T Treatment
Rheumatoid Arthritis -> Helper T-Follicular
Etanercept treats Rheumatoid Arthritis by blocking a protein called tumor necrosis factor (TNF), which is involved in inflammation. By blocking TNF, Etanercept helps reduce inflammation and relieve pain in people with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Food Allergy -> Helper T2
Diphenhydramine treats Food Allergies by blocking the effects of histamine, a chemical released during an allergic reaction. This can help reduce symptoms like itching, swelling, and difficulty breathing.
HIV/AIDS -> Helper T1
Tenofovir treats HIV by interfering with the virus's ability to reproduce inside our body. It is an antiviral medication that helps slow down the progression of the disease and allows the immune system to recover some of its strength.