Healthy stomach
Mucous Cell
Mucus Cells in the Stomach are specialized cells that produce mucus, a thick and slippery substance. This mucus coats the Stomach lining, protecting and buffering it from the strong acid and digestive enzymes that break down food.
Parietal Cell
Parietal Cells are found in the lining of your Stomach and produce gastric acid and intrinsic factor. Gastric acid helps break down food and aids in iron absorption, while intrinsic factor is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12.
The Stomach is a muscular organ in your digestive system that helps break down food and mix it with digestive juices. It plays a critical role in the early stages of digestion, preparing food to be absorbed in the intestines.
Diseased stomach
Gastric Ulcer
A Gastric Ulcer, is a painful sore that forms on the lining of the Stomach. It can be caused by factors such as infection, certain medications, or excessive acid production.
Autoimmune Gastritis
Autoimmune Gastritis is a condition in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the Parietal Cells in the Stomach. This can lead to inflammation, a decrease in stomach acid production, and problems with nutrient absorption.
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a chronic condition where gastric acid frequently flows back into the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms. It can damage the lining of the esophagus and lead to complications if left untreated.
stomach Treatment
Gastric ulcer -> Mucous cell
Famotidine is a medication that treats Gastric Ulcers by reducing the production of gastric acid. It does this by blocking the Histamine 2 (H2) receptor. This helps to relieve pain and allows the ulcer to heal more effectively.
Autoimmune gastritis -> Parietal cell
Vitamin B12 injections can be used to treat Autoimmune Gastritis by supplementing the vitamin that is not being absorbed properly due to the lack of intrinsic factor. This helps prevent anemia and other complications related to vitamin B12 deficiency.
GERD -> Stomach
Omeprazole is a medication that treats GERD by reducing the production of gastric acid. It does this by blocking the proton pump that pumps acid into the Stomach. This helps prevent acid reflux and allows the esophagus to heal, reducing symptoms like heartburn and discomfort.

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